This article discusses how warming waters threaten large invertebrates in the Arctic.
New research suggests larger marine invertebrates are more vulnerable to environmental changes than smaller invertebrates and fish.
As global warming heats the planet’s oceans, oxygen levels are declining across a variety of marine ecosystems. Since the middle of the 20th century, scientists estimate marine oxygen levels have declined between 2 and 5 percent.
Spicer and his colleagues detailed their work this week in the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.